An Exposé explains the question of the work, justifies the theoretical and methodological approach, also presents the structure and should always emphasize the added value or the originality of your own work.
To meet these requirements, you first have to get an overview of the topic to be treated. The best way to get started is to take basic publications from well-known authors and then look at the latest publications in the subject area. After reading into a topic in this way, your own thoughts evolve over time, e.g. to criticize certain approaches or to continue existing ideas. From this, questions can be deduced which must be answered precisely at the end of the scientific work. The second step in creating the exposé is followed by the most important step: limiting the question. From the very beginning, many scientific papers lack the ability to present any questions, or ones that are not sufficiently concretized. A good question is always problem-oriented, can be answered clearly in the end (where “clear” can not mean “one-sided” but also “differentiated”) and by its exactness already indicates the structure of the scientific work. Problem-oriented questions turn, for example the timeliness and applicability of a theory to a current social, economic or political problem. Once you have mastered this sticking point successfully, the others prove in the exposé to thematizing aspects as easily mastered follow-on thoughts.
An exposé should always give answers to the following five questions:
- Which topic do you treat and which concrete question is derived from it?
- Due to which scientific or societal problems does this question arise and why is it particularly innovative and important?
What is the current state of research? Here it is important to give an overview of authors and works that have already dealt with a similar issue and above all to mention the latest publications to prove that you are up to date with the science and not outdated Works used. Often there is a question controversial opinions of different authors, also that should be mentioned in the section on the state of research.
With which theses and assumptions do you want to pursue the key question? In depth study of a particular topic, each develops their own opinion over time. This can first be put forward as a thesis, whereby it is not decisive that one keeps it rigidly to the end, but rather that it is a kind of guide for the whole work, which specifies the structure.
How do you want to answer the question? In this context, the methodology needs to be clarified: is it an empirical work with many surveys and statistics and how should they be evaluated? Or is it rather a theoretical work that works with original texts of classics and rates them